American Jews experience more hate crimes than any other religious minority, data from the FBI show. While Muslims are often considered the most targeted group in the nation – facing the brunt of anti-Muslim rhetoric from President Donald Trump – it is actually Jews that experience the most hate crimes, data from 2010 to 2015 show.
The statistics are surprising given a recent survey by the Pew Research Center that found Jews to be the most warmly regarded religious group in the United States. Catholics came in at a close second in the survey, while Muslims received the lowest ratings on the feeling thermometer.
Despite these results, crimes against Jews are much higher than their Muslim and Catholic counterparts (even when controlling for the size of each group’s population), as demonstrated by the interactive graphic below.
Kenneth Jacobson, the Deputy National Director of the Anti-Defamation League, said in a phone interview that the recent rise in anti-Semitic attacks does not necessarily mean there are more anti-Semites in America. Instead Jacobson suggested that the people who are anti-Semitic are now more “emboldened to act upon it.”
The graphic demonstrates the discrepancies in hate crimes against the three most-targeted religious groups in the United States. Formed on the basis of hate crime statistics from the FBI and population estimates from the Pew Research Center, this visualization was created as a ggplot in R with a Plotly library to add interactivity.
It is important to note that there are differences in hate crime reporting between states as well as between communities that could affect the rates shown above. Given the history of discrimination, there also may be a more robust hate-crime reporting infrastructure within the American Jewish community, with organizations like the Anti-Defamation League, than there is for some other religious communities.
Viewers can access more information in the graphic by hovering over individual data points to see the associated information. There is also an option in the upper right hand corner to compare all the points for the same year at once. The graphic also contains features that can turn off certain lines at a time, as well as zoom in and out.