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During the past decade, most large US cities have implemented non-emergency incident reporting systems via telephone helplines, websites and more recently, mobile applications. Using data from systems operating in the larger Boston area, and spatial and grounded theory analysis of submitted reports, this article investigates the role of design in shaping the interaction between the citizens and the city. It investigates the following questions: Which assumptions about the users are embedded in design of existing feedback systems? What motivates users to participate, and how do the systems’ design choices correspond with these motivations? By what mechanisms do these systems facilitate and constrain the interaction between citizen and city?

Offenhuber, Dietmar. 2014. “Infrastructure Legibility – a Comparative Study of Open311 Citizen Feedback Systems.” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society.

available at Oxford Journals